Piazza Duomo elegantly and magnificently opens up to the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, alongside the Giotto Bell Tower and opposite the San Giovanni Baptistery with the Gates of Heaven by Lorenzo Ghiberti.
The striking Brunelleschi Dome completes the core of the Piazza and never fails to amaze thanks to its bold lines and far-sighted construction technique, inspired by the Pantheon of Rome.
The enormous Florentine Cathedral is amongst one of the most important architectural works of the period between the Gothic era and the Renaissance, and is one of the most beautiful and largest in Europe.
The construction of Santa Maria del Fiore began in 1296 following instructions from the lordship, by architect Arnolfo di Cambio in the place where the ancient cathedral of Santa Reparata was erected. Over the course of the years, this structure has seen some of the most important artists in history contribute to its current appearance.
The Bell Tower, designed by Giotto, but created by Andrea Pisano and completed by Francesco Talenti, is 84 metres high and is progressively lightened thanks to the mullioned windows with two and three lights used for its decoration. Multicoloured, white, green and rose coloured marble elegantly adorn the entire structure.